Covered in the stories, the Viking repeatedly attacked during the eighth to tenth centuries. Following that the castle became a Norman stronghold and a vital strategic fortress during the struggles against the Scots, due to its northern position. Henry III is credited with making the castle more comfortable by putting glass windows in amongst other things.
Sadly, Bamburgh became the first English castle to be destroyed by gunfire during the War of the Roses in the fifteenth century. As with all castles around the seventeenth century, Bamburgh went to private ownership. But let's not forget the royals who stayed there, including Kings John, Henry III, edward I, Edward II, Edward III, Henry VI and possible James I who was the last monarch - he gave it away in 1610.
Like most castles it fell into disrepair but was restored in the early twentieth century and is maintained by the Armstrong family. It is a spectacular building and open to the public, hosting events, holidays and weddings. I believe there are a few ghosts, too.
Excavations have found many treasures, notably the Bamburgh Sword and the gold plaque known as the Bamburgh Beast. Excavation are still ongoing and you can have a go if you wish. The castle has featured in many films and television programmes, understandably.A stunning castle with amazing views, so photographs assured. Visit if you can. You won't regret it.
Other 11th century castles include Lincoln, Dover and Tamworth.