1412 Joan of Arc, the French soldier who led attacks against England, born. The French historian Regine Pernoud, however, claims that she was born on the night of Epiphany (6 January). Joan of Arc was burned at the stake for heresy by dressing in men's clothing.
1535 King Henry VIII declares himself head of the English Church.
1559 Queen Elizabeth I is crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey. So begins the start of the Golden Age of England.
1759 The British Museum opens in Montague House.
1895 Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake premieres in Saint Petersburg.
1908 Theoretical physicist Edward Teller is born in Budapest. He helped design the Hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb).
1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Franz Liebknecht the socialist political group The Spartacists are murdered by the Freikorps in Germany.
1927 BBC broadcast live sports commentary on the radio for the first time.
1929 Peace activist and pastor Martin Luther King is born in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
2001 Wikipedia is launched, the free online encyclopedia, by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.