1. The first Viking invasions took place on this day in 793. Monasteries were attacked on the holy island of Lindisfarne. Monks were killed and the treasure stolen. Alcuin, a Northumbrian who spent time in Charlemagne's court, said "Never before has such terror appeared in Britain as we have now suffered from a pagan race. . . .The heathens poured out the blood of saints around the altar, and trampled on the bodies of saints in the temple of God, like dung in the streets."
2. The Islamic prophet Mohammed died in 632 in Medina. he was the founder of Islam and the Quran. It is said that he died of fever.
3. The Viking king Harthacnut also died on this day in 1042. King of Denmark and England, he died in Lambeth, England.
4. In 1191 English king Richard the Lionheart arrived in modern day Palestine to begin his crusade to reclaim Jerusalem.
5. In 1896 the first motor car is stolen.
6. George Orwell's dystopian novel 1984 is first published in 1949.
7. The first automatic electric washing machine is patented in 1924 by Noah Cushing. There had been many types of washing machines designed before, but this was the first electric one of its type.
8. A disturbing photograph appeared in 1972 In terms of images it is the picture of nine-year old Phan Thi Kim Phuc that is etched onto our memory. She was the little girl in the award winning photograph, which was taken during the Vietnam war. The South Vietnamese Air Force had dropped a napalm bomb on a small village and children were running away, screaming and frightened, when the photograph was taken. Phan Thi was in the centre of the picture with her two brothers. Her clothes had caught fire and she had pulled them off so at the time of the photograph, she was naked. A deeply disturbing image of innocent children in war. The photographer was Nick Ut.
9. In 1042Edward the Confessor becomes king of England. He was one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings and his indecisive decision to name an heir caused the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
10. Death of Edward,The Black Prince, heir to throne and son of Edward III. He was one of the most successful military leaders during the Hundred Years War. He died of dysentery in 1376.